PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering


Are you planning to join for a PhD in Mechanical Engineering in India? Here’s a brief outline of the PhD degree to help you decide.

What is PhD Degree in Mechanical Engineering?

A PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering is the highest level of qualification in the field of MEC Engineering after doing research in a chosen subject under the guidance of a supervisor for research. Mechanical Eng PhD is a research-based program that demands research in various areas of Mechanical Engineering like Thermodynamics, nanotechnology, Mechanics, thermodynamics, 3D Printing Design, Fluid Mechanics and numerous others.

Why Opt for a PhD in MEC Engineering?

  • Gain in-depth knowledge in a subject
  • Develop highly sought after research and problem-solving skills
  • Opportunities to publish research papers and present at conferences
  • Prepares candidates for careers in academia and research labs
Popular PHD Specializations in Mec Engg
SpecializationExample Research Areas
Thermal EngineeringHeat Transfer, Energy Systems, Renewable Energy
Design EngineeringCAD/CAM, Composite Materials, Tribology
Manufacturing EngineeringMachining Processes, Automation, Quality Control

Eligibility Criteria

  • Masters Degree in Mechanical Engineering with a minimum of 55% marks throughout.
  • UGC NET or JRF-qualified students or Clear the entrance exams conducted by the university.
PhD Course Duration in India

Minimum Duration
The minimum duration to earn a PhD degree from UGC approved universities in India is 3 years for fulltime and 4 years for Part Time PhD programs. This includes coursework and thesis submission.

Maximum Duration
Though 3 years is minimum, the total duration t to complete all stages generally ranges from 3-6 years depending on:

  • Research complexity and pace of individual.
  • Leave/breaks in between if any.
  • Time taken for publications/patents from findings.
  • Part –Time or Full Time

So in summary, careful planning and persistent effort is key to finish within average expected Indian PhD timelines.

Types of PhD Programs in Mec Engg in India

Distance and Online PhD Degree programs in Mechanical Engineering are not approved by the UGC in India.
We Also Offer Guidance for Hassle-Free PhD Programs from AICTE & UGC Approved Private Universities in India (Tamil Nadu & North India)

Top Universities Offering PhD in ME

Top Universities and Institutes for PhD in Mechanical Engineering in India.

Here are some 20 best institutions to pursue Mechanical Engineering doctorates with high research standards:

Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)

UniversityLocationResearch Specializations
IIT DelhiNew DelhiThermal, CAD/CAM, Non-traditional Machining
IIT BombayMumbaiFluid Mechanics, Energy, Aerodynamics
IIT KanpurKanpurDynamics, Composites, Manufacturing
IIT KharagpurKharagpurDesign, Materials, Ocean Engineering

National Institutes of Technology (NITs)

UniversityLocationResearch Areas
NIT TiruchirappalliTiruchirappalli, Tamil NaduRobotics, Automation, Heat Transfer
NIT RourkelaRourkela, OdishaEnergy, Cryogenics, Tribology
NIT SurathkalMangalore, KarnatakaCFD, IC Engines, Design Optimization
NIT WarangalWarangal, TelanganaMechatronics, Control Systems, Machine Vision

Other Top Institutions

  • IISc Bangalore
  • Jadavpur University
  • Anna University
  • Delhi University
  • Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham
  • Thapar Institute of Engg & Technology
  • MGR University Tamil Nadu
  • Vels University
  • Bharathiar university
  • Bharathidasan university
  • Christ University etc

So consult these distinguished schools offering cutting edge ME research facilities and high-quality doctoral training!

Admission Process -Steps

Here is an overview of the typical admission process:


  • Master’s degree in Mechanical/Production/Automobile Engineering with minimum 55% marks
  • GATE/NET qualification strongly recommended
  • Relevant work experience and research publications add value

Application Procedure

  • Apply online/offline to desired university/institute
  • Pay application fees and upload required documents
  • Documents include statement of purpose, reference letters, academic transcripts etc

Entrance Examination

  • Most universities conduct their own entrance test (UGC NET/ JEST, etc score also accepted)
  • Assessment of subject knowledge and research aptitude

Interview Round

  • Shortlisted candidates called for a personal discussion
  • Evaluates communication skills, subject knowledge and research interests

Selection Process

  • Based on academic record, entrance scores, interview performance and available research openings
  • Admission offered by supervisor/guide considering candidate’s priorities

Orientation Program

  • Week long induction covers research infrastructure, lab protocols and library facilities
  • Allocates provisional supervisor and finalizes PhD course plan
Ph.D. in ME Fee Structure in India
Type of ChargeApproximate Amount (INR)
Application Fee1000
Entrance Fee5000
Registration Fee2500
Examination FeeVariable
List of Subjects for PhD in Mechanical Engg



Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

Numerical simulation of fluid flow and heat transfer phenomena.

Finite Element Analysis (FEA)

Application of numerical methods for solving problems related to structural and thermal analysis.

Thermal Engineering

Research in heat transfer, thermodynamics, and energy systems.

Manufacturing Processes

Study of advanced manufacturing techniques and optimization of processes.


Integration of mechanical engineering with electronics and computer control in product design and manufacturing.


Development and application of robotic systems in various industries.

Materials Engineering

Research on advanced materials and their applications in engineering.

Automotive Engineering

Focus on automotive systems, design, and optimization for performance.

Vibration and Control Systems

Study of mechanical vibrations and control systems to improve dynamic behavior.

Renewable Energy

Investigation into sustainable energy sources like solar, wind, and bioenergy.


Application of mechanical principles to study biological systems and medical devices.


Exploration of mechanical properties at the nanoscale and applications in nanotechnology.


Study of friction, wear, and lubrication of interacting surfaces in relative motion.

Aerospace Engineering

Research on aircraft and spacecraft design, propulsion, and aerodynamics.

Structural Engineering

Investigation into the behavior and design of structures under various loading conditions.

Instrumentation and Control

Development and optimization of control systems for mechanical processes.

Renewable Energy Systems

Integration of renewable energy sources into power systems and grid management.

Fluid Power Systems

Study of hydraulic and pneumatic systems for control and power transmission.

Human Factors in Engineering

Examination of the interaction between humans and mechanical systems for design optimization.

Optimization in Engineering

Application of mathematical methods to optimize design and engineering processes.

Renewable Energy Materials

Investigation into advanced materials for efficient energy harvesting and storage in renewable energy systems.

HVAC Systems

Research on heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems for energy-efficient and sustainable building environments.

Supply Chain Optimization in Manufacturing

Application of optimization techniques to streamline and enhance efficiency in manufacturing supply chains.

Bio-inspired Design in Engineering

Applying principles from nature to inspire innovative engineering design solutions.

Digital Twin Technology

Development and utilization of digital twin simulations for virtual representation and analysis of physical systems.

Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing)

Investigation into the use of additive manufacturing processes for rapid prototyping and production.

Fracture Mechanics

Study of the behavior of materials under stress and the propagation of cracks for structural integrity analysis.

Nanocomposites in Engineering Applications

Exploration of nanocomposite materials for enhanced mechanical and thermal properties in engineering applications.

Human-Robot Interaction

Understanding and improving the collaboration between humans and robots in various industrial and service settings.

Acoustics and Noise Control

Research on the generation, propagation, and control of sound in mechanical systems.

Failure Analysis in Engineering Materials

Investigation into the causes and prevention of material failures in engineering applications.

Smart Materials and Structures

Exploration of materials that can respond to external stimuli for applications in sensors, actuators, and adaptive structures.

Optical and Photonic Engineering

Application of optics and photonics in mechanical systems for sensing, imaging, and communication.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Integration of computational algorithms with physical processes for improved control and automation.

Human-Centric Design

Focus on designing products and systems that prioritize user experience, ergonomics, and accessibility.

Marine Engineering

Research on the design and optimization of marine structures, propulsion systems, and offshore platforms.

Dynamics and Control of Robotic Systems

Study of the dynamic behavior and control strategies for robotic systems in various environments.

Vehicle Dynamics

Investigation into the dynamics and control of vehicles for improved safety and performance.

Sustainable Design and Manufacturing

Integration of environmentally friendly practices in the design and manufacturing processes.

Soft Robotics

Research on the development of flexible and adaptive robotic systems for delicate tasks.

Machine Design

Advanced study and innovation in machine design principles and applications.

HVAC Engineering

Specialization in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning engineering.

Mechanical Engineering Design

Focus on innovative design methodologies and applications in mechanical engineering.


In-depth study of friction, wear, and lubrication in mechanical systems.

Computational Mechanics

Application of computational methods to analyze and model mechanical systems.

Engineering Mechanics

Advanced study of mechanics principles applied to engineering systems.

Thermal Engineering

In-depth research in areas related to heat transfer, thermodynamics, and energy systems.

Rock Mechanics

Study of the mechanical behavior of rocks and rock masses.

Main Phases of PhD Research

Coursework Phase

  • The first 1-2 semesters focus on coursework and qualifying exams.
  • This phase assists in choosing the research topic and supervisor.

Research and Thesis Phase

  • Next 2-3 years are dedicated to intensive experimental/field work.
  • Regularly presenting research progress and findings to the research committee.
  • Preparing and submitting the final dissertation/thesis.
Structure of Mechanical Engineering Dissertation
  • Introduction – Background, scope, objectives and organization of thesis
  • Literature Review – Analyzing previous studies in the problem area
  • Methodology – Tools, techniques and procedures used for research
  • Findings – Detailed presentation of results obtained
  • Discussion – Analyzing results w.r.t. objectives and existing knowledge
  • Conclusion – Summarizing research, limitations and scope for future work
  • References
Key Elements of Thesis
  • Clear statement of research problem/question
  • Critical evaluation of available knowledge on topic
  • Well-designed methodology to investigate problem
  • Logical presentation of results with interpretation
  • Meaningful conclusion and future recommendations
Assessment Standards

Writing your dissertation is a meticulous procedure. After the dissertation is written, it’s subject to an extensive review by a panel of experts in your subject. You’ll then present and defend your efforts to the group, answering criticisms and questions and demonstrating your knowledge in the field of study.

In a nutshell, dissertations are the culmination of the PhD path. It showcases your capability to conduct meaningful research, analyze complex data, and bring new knowledge to your area of expertise. It’s an arduous but rewarding endeavor, shifting from a scholar to an independent researcher.

We offer Guidance for PhD Admission, Paper Publication, and Thesis Writing (All Subjects). If You are looking for PhD Admission Guidance and support till the completion of your PhD research, We are here to help. Contact Us for more Details.

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